Department Blog

Health Sciences Libraries

Medical Ethics Resources on MedlinePlus

May 24th, 2010 by Bruce Abbott

MedlinePlus has a new entry on Medical Ethics. 

Coverage  includes:

* Overviews

* Medical Ethics related to Specific Conditions

* Latest News

* Research

* Journal Articles

URL:  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/medicalethics.html

Crude Oil Spills and Health

May 19th, 2010 by Mary Wood

The Disaster Information Management Resource Center was created by the National Library of Medicine to “provide access to quality disaster health information to the nation at all stages of preparation, response, mitigation and recovery”, accomplished by collecting, organizing and disseminating health information related to natural, accidental  or deliberate disasters.  The Oil Spills & Health site is the most recent DIMRC resource, focusing on health effects of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

widgetAmong other concerns, the site addresses  Occupational Hazards Related to Oil Spills and Burning Crude Oil , Seafood and Fisheries Contamination , Oil Spills and Wildlife , and Response and Recovery, as well provides access to additional  Resources from the National Library of Medicine.

Human health perspective on climate change

May 12th, 2010 by Mary Wood

The May 2010 Environmental Factor announced the release of a white paper by a federal working group on health consequences due to climate change.  Led by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), membership of the Interagency Working Group on Climate Change and Health included representatives from the  Environmental Protection Agency, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH Fogarty International Center, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Department of State, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The intent of the report, “A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change,” is to provide a starting point for coordination of federal research to better understand climate’s impact on human health. The recommendations of the working group include research to identify the most vulnerable populations and what efforts will be most beneficial.  spotlight-group2

Targeted research priorities include

...

  • Asthma, respiratory allergies, and airway diseases
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease and stroke
  • Foodborne diseases and nutrition
  • Heat-related morbidity and mortality
  • Human developmental effects
  • Mental health and stress-related disorders
  • Neurological diseases and disorders
  • Waterborne diseases
  • Weather-related morbidity and mortality
  • Vectorborne and zoonotic diseases

Journal editorial policies and animal welfare

May 5th, 2010 by Mary Wood

Journals have guidelines for submission, most of which include a requirement that authors comply with all relevant animal use laws and regulations.

For example, Nature requires, in part:
…reporting experiments on live vertebrates and/or higher invertebrates, the corresponding author must confirm that all experiments were performed in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations.

In 2007, Dr. Würbel suggested in correspondence with Nature that “Publications should include an animal-welfare section“, causing a bit of a stir on the Nature blog.

photo-11

More recently, the article “Journal editorial policies, animal welfare, and the 3Rs“,  Am J Bioeth, 2009;9(12):55-9, by NJ Osborne and D Payne from RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) and ML Newman from Stanford, is generating discussion among scientists and journal editors.   Governmental and organizational requirements remain unchanged regarding animal welfare and the use of animals (e.g., protocols detailing methods and procedures, consideration of alternatives, IACUC approval, inspections of facilities and programs); it is conceivable, however, that with editorial consensus, submitted manuscripts will be required to include the animal care and use aspects of the research, as well.

The December 2009 issue of Am J Bioeth includes interesting commentary on this topic.  Access is available at the journal’s website or via a PubMed search

Select journal guidelines for authors:
ABS/ASAB Animal Behavior Society ;
…….Guidelines for the treatment of animals in behavioural research and teaching
APA Guidelines for ethical conduct in the care and use of animals
JVME Guidelines on animal ethics and welfare

Scopus Training on May 12

May 5th, 2010 by Keir Reavie

Are you interested in learning how to use Scopus to analyze the prestige of research publications? Have you heard about the new SNIP and SJR metrics that compare and assess the popularity and impact of journal citations?

The Library invites you to attend a Scopus workshop on May 12th. For your convenience we have scheduled two sessions:

9:30-11:00am — Sacramento Medical Center – Education Building — Room 2205

1:30-3:00pm — UC Davis campus – Shields Library — Library Instruction Lab    (Room 165)

Representatives from the Scopus office will offer an overview of this faculty citation database and present in detail the analytic tools of the database, including the new SNIP and SJR metrics. SNIP (source normalized impact per paper) measures a journal’s contextual citation impact, factoring in the characteristics of the subject field, to include the frequency at which authors cite other papers in their reference lists and the life cycle of a citation’s impact. The SJR indicator factors in the subject field, quality and reputation of a journal and is based on citation weighting schemes and the eigenvector.
We hope that you will be able to join us. The UC trial access to Scopus continues through December 2010. We would appreciate hearing any comments you have about your use of the Scopus and its effectiveness in meeting your needs. An online survey form is accessible at http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/ul/research/trial/#scopus.

For more information about Scopus, please contact your library subject specialist or department heads: