Department Blog

Health Sciences Libraries

SciVal (Collexis) Research Profile for UC Davis

July 29th, 2010 by Bruce Abbott

The SciVal Research Profiles (previously called Collexis) for UC Davis are available at http://www.experts.scival.com/ucdavis/ 

Note that the current data is for a select group of faculty in the UC Davis School of Medicine.

The following description is from the UC Davis SciVal welcomet:

In an effort to synergize inter-disciplinary clinical and translational research, UC Davis is committed to using innovative research tools and information technologies to promote collaboration regardless of organizational affiliation or position within the bench-to-bedside-to-population spectrum of science. This expertise portal is a key component of UC Davis mission to catalyze the application of new knowledge and techniques to clinical practice at the front lines of patient care.

Census Bureau Publishes Health Insurance Coverage Estimates for All Counties

July 27th, 2010 by Bruce Abbott

This is from a July 27, 2010, press release from the Census Bureau:

The U.S. Census Bureau today released 2007 estimates of health insurance coverage for each of the nation’s roughly 3,140 counties. Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) are currently the only source for estimates of health insurance coverage status for every county in the nation.

SAHIE are based on models combining data from a variety of sources, including the Annual Social and Economic Supplement of the Current Population Survey, 2000 Census, the Census Bureau’s Population Estimates Program, the County Business Patterns data set, and administrative records, such as aggregated federal tax returns and Medicaid participation records.

SAHIE provide information on health insurance coverage by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and income categories at the state level and by age, sex and income categories at the county level. They therefore enable local planners to determine, for instance, the counties in which low-income children are most likely to lack health insurance coverage. The data pertain to those under age 65.

SAHIE are used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in support of its National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program. The program provides free cancer screenings to low-income, uninsured women. The health insurance estimates assist in determining the level of need for breast and cervical cancer screening in communities nationwide.

In September, the Census Bureau will release health insurance coverage estimates from the 2009 American Community Survey (ACS). These single-year estimates will be available for counties and other geographic areas with total populations of 65,000 or more. The health insurance question was added to the 2008 ACS to permit the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to more accurately understand state and local health insurance needs. Eventually the ACS will have health insurance coverage data for smaller areas from three-year and five-year estimates.

Library Processing Fee Increases

July 26th, 2010 by Deanna Johnson

Effective Monday, August 2, 2010, the non-refundable processing fee for library materials returned damaged, or not returned or renewed, will increase from $10.00 to $15.00 per item. This fee has not been adjusted in approximately 20 years; the increase will allow the library and campus to cover billing expenses.

To avoid the fee, renew or return library materials on time, and in good condition. Library material that is not on hold and has not already been renewed twice, may be renewed on the web* at the Harvest My Account/Renew Books page, by telephone during operating hours, or in person.

*Overdue material cannot be renewed online.

The Carlson Health Sciences and Blaisdell Medical Libraries allow two renewals per item; other UCD libraries may have different renewal policies. Material that cannot be renewed online or by phone must be returned to the library from which it was checked out before it may be checked out again.  Material with holds and recalls cannot be renewed.

Carlson Health Sciences Library:  530-752-8041, http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/dept/hsl/

Blaisdell Medical Library:  916-734-3529, http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/dept/hsl/

Shields Library:  530-752-6561, http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/ul/libcoll/shields.php

Physical Sciences and Engineering Library: 530-752‑0540, http://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/dept/pse/

Guidelines for the welfare and use of animals in cancer research – Revised

July 23rd, 2010 by Mary Wood

Revised guidelines for the welfare and use of animals in cancer research have been published in the British Journal of Cancer, developed by a committee established by the UK’s National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI).  The previous guidelines are cited in innumerable US research animal care policies.

Background excerpt:

It is clearly important that the welfare of animals in cancer research is protected, both from an ethical point of view and also because it is widely acknowledged to be entirely consistent with good science (Osborne et al, 2009). Under the earlier sponsorship of the former United Kingdom Coordinating Committee for Cancer Research (UKCCCR), two sets of guidelines have been published previously (Workman, 1988; Workman et al, 1998). Although these guidelines were well received, and are still widely used and cited, it is over 10 years since they were last revised, in which time the science has moved on appreciably. The main aim of this article is to provide new guidelines for the cancer research community concerning the use of experimental animals in oncology, with a major emphasis on their welfare. We focus on rodents as these are predominantly used for cancer research…

Citation:

Workman P, Aboagye EO, Balkwill F, Balmain A, Bruder G, Chaplin DJ, Double JA, Everitt J, Farningham DAH, Glennie MJ, Kelland LR, Robinson V, Stratford IJ, Tozer GM, Watson S, Wedge SR, Eccles S, An ad hoc committee of the National Cancer Research Institute
Guidelines for the welfare and use of animals in cancer research
British Journal of Cancer (2010) 102, 1555–1577  BJC Open

Abstract:

Animal experiments remain essential to understand the fundamental mechanisms underpinning malignancy and to discover improved methods to prevent, diagnose and treat cancer. Excellent standards of animal care are fully consistent with the conduct of high quality cancer research. Here we provide updated guidelines on the welfare and use of animals in cancer research. All experiments should incorporate the 3Rs: replacement, reduction and refinement. Focusing on animal welfare, we present recommendations on all aspects of cancer research, including: study design, statistics and pilot studies; choice of tumour models (e.g., genetically engineered, orthotopic and metastatic); therapy (including drugs and radiation); imaging (covering techniques, anaesthesia and restraint); humane endpoints (including tumour burden and site); and publication of best practice.

Guidelines publication history:
UK Co-ordinating Committee on Cancer Research
UKCCCR guidelines for the welfare of animals in experimental neoplasia
Laboratory Animals (1988) 22, 195-201  RSM reprint
Cancer and Metastasis Reviews 8: 82-88, 1989  SpringerLink

UKCCCR Guidelines for the Welfare of Animals in Experimental Neoplasia (2nd ed.) 1997  NCRN reprint

Publication Highlight : Oxidants in Biology

July 19th, 2010 by Mary Wood
cover-large25

available online with SpringerLink

Oxidants in biology : a question of balance / Giuseppe Valacchi and Paul A. Davis, editors
Springer, 2008
327 p.


Published by Springer, available at UCD in paper and electronically:

Carlson Health Sci Library QZ 180 O973 2008
Electronic Resources Internet :  SpringerLink. Restricted to UC campuses


Contributors from UC Davis include:

Tzipora Goldkorn
and Elaine M. Khan,  School of Medicine, Internal Medicine
Dual Roles of Oxidative Stress in the Lungs


Richart Harper, School of Medicine, Internal Medicine
The Role of DUOX Isozymes in the Respiratory Tract Epithelium

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Co-edited by Paul A. Davis, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Nutrition

“This book represents a collection of articles from an international group of authors all of whom were asked to address the question of oxidants from their research viewpoints and to examine them from the perspective of “balance”…

One section addresses the issue of oxidants and “balance” from the prospective of well known molecules, with a large corpus of research findings…

The other section addresses the issue of oxidants and “balance” from the prospective of fairly new molecules involved in the oxidative stress pathways with a small corpus of research findings.”

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Current local research on oxidation :  PubMed search

MedlinePlus – Consumer Health Website Redesigned

July 16th, 2010 by Mary Wood

The National Library of Medicine, a part of the National Institutes of Health, created and maintains MedlinePlus to assist consumers in locating authoritative health information.  The MedlinePlus website redesign is now complete – and looks entirely different – but it continues to provide free and accessible information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues.

MedlinePlus can be used to learn about treatment options, to look up information on a drug or supplement, find out the meanings of words, or view medical videos or illustrations. It provides links to recent and relevant medical research on over 800 health topics, as well as information about related clinical trials.

m_logo

MedlinePlus is a resource intended for consumers, not to be confused with, or used in place of, other NIH and NLM resources and databases intended for researchers and clinicians,  such as Clinical Trials and PubMed.

Memorial for John D. Ward at BML this Friday

July 12th, 2010 by Mary Wood
John

John D. Ward

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Our friend and colleague John Ward died on June 22, 2010.   All are most welcome to attend a gathering in his memory this Friday, July 16, at 4:00pm at the Blaisdell Medical Library (BML).

BML is in Sacramento on the UC Davis Medical Center campus (map).

Further information:  Dateline 6/22

Contacts / questions:  BML (916) 734-3529  ;  Rebecca Davis, radavis@ucdavis.edu

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Recent Evidence Alerts from Stat!Ref

July 8th, 2010 by Bruce Abbott

This is a press release from STAT!Ref detailing their new feature of providing email alerts on new evidence in a number of specialty areas.  All UCD faculty, staff, and students are eligible to sign up for this service.

The link for UC Davis to STAT!Ref is:  http://uclibs.org/PID/22372

After you login choose the “Home” tab to access this feature.

Evidence Alerts

The STAT!Ref Evidence Alerts system provides e-mail delivery and access to evidence-based medicine (EBM) information from current research of over 130 premier clinical journals. The STAT!Ref Evidence Alerts system works with McMaster University (McMaster PLUS) delivering pre-rated EBM alerts that are qualified, then rated for clinical relevance and newsworthiness by a panel of practicing physicians.

STAT!Ref Evidence Alerts offer a range of healthcare disciplines that can be chosen delivering relevant and meaningful EBM information focused on your healthcare interests, helping with your clinical decisions.

For a full listing of the features of STAT!Ref Evidence Alerts, journals reviewed, and to learn about how you can sign up for alerts, please visit our website: STAT!Ref Evidence Alerts or view our recently recorded Webinar with Dr. Brian Haynes from McMaster University: EBM Webinar

Here are the most recent updates in all three Alert categories:

Medicine Alerts

* 7/6/2010 – Chlorhexidine vaginal and infant wipes to reduce perinatal mortality and morbidity: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jun;115(6):1225-32.
* 7/6/2010 – Supported employment: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2010 May;196(5):404-11.
* 7/6/2010 – A liver stiffness measurement-based, noninvasive prediction model for high-risk esophageal varices in B-viral liver cirrhosis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010 Jun;105(6):1382-90. Epub 2010 Jan 19.
* 7/6/2010 – Predicting functional outcome after stroke by modelling baseline clinical and CT variables. Age Ageing. 2010 May;39(3):360-6. Epub 2010 Mar 15.
* 7/6/2010 – Bleeding Complications With Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Among Patients With Stable Vascular Disease or Risk Factors for Vascular Disease. Results From the Clopidogrel for High Atherothrombotic Risk and Ischemic Stabilization, Management, and Avoidance (CHARISMA) Trial. Circulation. 2010 Jun 1.

Nursing Alerts

* 7/6/2010 – Health-related quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and costs associated with intraperitoneal versus subcutaneous insulin administration in type 1 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2010 Jun;33(6):1169-72. Epub 2010 Feb 25.
* 7/3/2010 – Impact of an informed choice invitation on uptake of screening for diabetes in primary care (DICISION): randomised trial. BMJ. 2010 May 13;340:c2138. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c2138.
* 7/3/2010 – Glycated haemoglobin A1c for diagnosing diabetes in Chinese population: cross sectional epidemiological survey. BMJ. 2010 May 17;340:c2249. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c2249.
* 7/3/2010 – Efficacy of corticosteroids in community-acquired pneumonia: a randomized double-blinded clinical trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 May 1;181(9):975-82. Epub 2010 Feb 4.
* 7/3/2010 – Primary angioplasty versus thrombolysis for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: an economic analysis of the National Infarct Angioplasty project. Heart. 2010 May;96(9):668-72. Epub 2009 Jun 8.

Rehab Alerts

* 7/6/2010 – Predicting functional outcome after stroke by modelling baseline clinical and CT variables. Age Ageing. 2010 May;39(3):360-6. Epub 2010 Mar 15. 7/3/2010 – Conservative management of lumbar disc herniation with associated radiculopathy: a systematic review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 May 15;35(11):E488-504.
* 7/1/2010 – Robot-Assisted Therapy for Long-Term Upper-Limb Impairment after Stroke. N Engl J Med. 2010 Apr 16.
* 7/1/2010 – A multidisciplinary group programme in rural settings for community-dwelling chronic stroke survivors and their carers: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2010 Apr;24(4):328-41. Epub 2010 Feb 22.
* 7/1/2010 – Is a behavioral graded activity program more effective than manual therapy in patients with subacute neck pain? Results of a randomized clinical trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 May 1;35(10):1017-24.

PubMed’s Clinical Queries now easier to use

July 6th, 2010 by Deanna Johnson

Clinical Queries have just become a bit easier to use on PubMed. The page has been redesigned to filter one search by all three clinical research areas – Clinical Study Categories, Systematic Reviews, and Medical Genetics – simultaneously. Now when terms are input and searched, three filters run at once and three columns of up to five citations each display to preview the results for each research area.

Clinical Queries2b

The radio buttons for Clinical Study Categories and the checkboxes for Medical Genetics have been replaced with pull-down menus. While previewing results, you may make alternate menu selections for the Clinical Study Categories and Medical Genetics to modify those results of your search. Citations display in “Recently Added” order and link to the Abstract format in PubMed. “See all” links to the complete results.

Descriptions of the research areas appear under each column.

To learn more about PubMed’s Clinical Queries, you may want to read the relevant PubMed Help section.