Department Blog

Health Sciences Libraries

Guidelines for Standards of Care in Animal Shelters

January 20th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

Listed authors include:  Sandra Newbury, DVM (editor and chair) and Kate Hurley, DVM, both of the The Koret Shelter Medicine Program at the University of California, Davis Center for Companion Animal Health (CCAH).

From the press release from the Association:

The Association of Shelter Veterinarians (ASV) has just released “Guidelines for Standards of Care in Animal Shelters”, the first comprehensive report of its kind. The Guidelines are the outcome of two years of work including an exhaustive review of scientific literature by a task force of 14 shelter veterinarians. The authors hope that shelters and communities will look to this document to ensure that all animals in shelters everywhere are properly and humanely cared for. The Guidelines are intended as a positive tool for shelters and communities to review animal care, identify areas that need improvement, allocate resources and implement solutions so welfare is optimized, euthanasia is minimized, and suffering is prevented.

The foundation for the Guidelines is the “Five Freedoms”, developed in 1965 in the United Kingdom as a result of a report by the Brambell commission (which later became the Farm Animal Welfare Council) to address welfare concerns in agricultural settings. The Five Freedoms are now recognized to have much broader application across species. The Five Freedoms are:
• Freedom from Hunger and Thirst – by ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigor.
• Freedom from Discomfort – by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
• Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease – by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
• Freedom to Express Normal Behavior– by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal’s own kind.
• Freedom from Fear and Distress – by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering.

PTSD among first responders

January 19th, 2011 by Mary Wood

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Michael Ferrara

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NPR’s Morning Edition this morning included as a “must-read” an Outside article by Hampton Sides.

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The Man Who Saw Too Much” discusses post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among first-responders.  The article is about search and rescue veteran Michael Ferrara, who for 30 years has worked as a paramedic, ski patroller, high-angle rescuer, and avalanche specialist, and opens the discussion of PTSD beyond the battlefield.

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Outside Magazine, January 2011

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NCI Analysis on Medical Expenditures for Cancer

January 14th, 2011 by Deanna Johnson

The National Cancer Institute has published a report on the increase of medical expenditures for cancer in the first 2011 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The analysis shows, based on growth and aging of the U.S. population, medical expenditures for cancer are projected to reach at least $158 billion (in 2010 dollars) by the year 2020 – an increase of 27 percent over 2010. If newly developed tools for cancer diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up continue to be more expensive, medical expenditures for cancer could reach as high as $207 billion. An interactive web site at  http://costprojections.cancer.gov/ provides charts and tables based on the original study as well.

Article citation: Mariotto AB, Robin Yabroff K, Shao Y, Feuer EJ, Brown ML. 2011. Projections of the Cost of Cancer Care in the United States: 2010-2020. J Natl Cancer Inst 103:1–12. PMID: 21228314 or http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/01/12/jnci.djq495.full.pdf+html

CDC Releases First Periodic Health Disparities and Inequalities Report

January 13th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

From the CDC press release:

The CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report, 2011, is the first in a series of periodic, consolidated assessments that highlight health disparities by sex, race and ethnicity, income, education, disability status and other social characteristics in the U.S.

The report provides analysis and reporting of the recent trends and ongoing variations in health disparities and inequalities in selected social and health indicators, both of which are important steps in encouraging actions and facilitating accountability to reduce modifiable disparities by using interventions that are effective and scalable.

Faculty of 1000 feature–research which changes clinical practice

January 11th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

This is an update to a previous blog post on the Faculty of 1000 database: (see previous post)

http://f1000.com

Off-campus access via VPN:  Faculty of 1000 off-campus access

They have added a new feature where search results can be filtered by “changes clinical practice.” Go to the evaluations tab, and use the filter “changes clinical practice.”

Examples of recent studies that evaluators identify as changing clinical practice are:

 

Albendazole and mebendazole administered alone or in combination with ivermectin against Trichuris trichiura: a randomized controlled trial 

Knopp, S., K. Mohammed, et al. (2010). “Albendazole and mebendazole administered alone or in combination with ivermectin against Trichuris trichiura: a randomized controlled trial.” Clin Infect Dis 51(12): 1420-1428.

 Artesunate versus quinine in the treatment of severe falciparum malaria in African children (AQUAMAT): an open-label, randomised trial 

Dondorp, A., C. Fanello, et al. (2010). “Artesunate versus quinine in the treatment of severe falciparum malaria in African children (AQUAMAT): an open-label, randomised trial.” Lancet 376(9753): 1647-1657.

Five unit bolus oxytocin at cesarean delivery in women at risk of atony: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial 

King, K., M. Douglas, et al. (2010). “Five unit bolus oxytocin at cesarean delivery in women at risk of atony: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial.” Anesth Analg 111(6): 1460-1466.

 IFNbeta-1b may severely exacerbate Japanese optic-spinal MS in neuromyelitis optica spectrum 

Shimizu, J., Y. Hatanaka, et al. (2010). “IFNbeta-1b may severely exacerbate Japanese optic-spinal MS in neuromyelitis optica spectrum.” Neurology 75: 1423-1427.

 Morphine use after combat injury in Iraq and post-traumatic stress disorder 

Holbrook, T., M. Galarneau, et al. (2010). “Morphine use after combat injury in Iraq and post-traumatic stress disorder.” N Engl J Med 362(2): 110-117.

 Mycophenolate mofetil vs azathioprine for remission maintenance in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis: a randomized controlled trial 

Hiemstra, T., M. Walsh, et al. (2010). “Mycophenolate mofetil vs azathioprine for remission maintenance in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis: a randomized controlled trial.” JAMA 304(21): 2381-2388.

 NOA-04 randomized phase III trial of sequential radiochemotherapy of anaplastic glioma with procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine or temozolomide 

Wick, W., C. Hartmann, et al. (2009). “NOA-04 randomized phase III trial of sequential radiochemotherapy of anaplastic glioma with procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine or temozolomide.” J Clin Oncol 27(35): 5874-5880.

Screening for lymphangioleiomyomatosis by high-resolution computed tomography in young, nonsmoking women presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax is cost-effective 

Hagaman, J., D. Schauer, et al. (2010). “Screening for lymphangioleiomyomatosis by high-resolution computed tomography in young, nonsmoking women presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax is cost-effective.” Am J Respir Crit Care Med 181(12): 1376-1382. 

The risk and interval to malignancy of patients with laryngeal dysplasia; a systematic review of case series and meta-analysis 

Weller, M., P. Nankivell, et al. (2010). “The risk and interval to malignancy of patients with laryngeal dysplasia; a systematic review of case series and meta-analysis.” Clin Otolaryngol 35(5): 364-372.

The safety and efficacy of infliximab in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 

Rennard, S., C. Fogarty, et al. (2007). “The safety and efficacy of infliximab in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.” Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175(9): 926-934.

Total enteral nutrition in prevention of pancreatic necrotic infection in severe acute pancreatitis 

Wu, X., K. Ji, et al. (2010). “Total enteral nutrition in prevention of pancreatic necrotic infection in severe acute pancreatitis.” Pancreas 39(2): 248-251.

Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Implantation for Aortic Stenosis in Patients Who Cannot Undergo Surgery

Leon, M., C. Smith, et al. (2010). “Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Implantation for Aortic Stenosis in Patients Who Cannot Undergo Surgery.” N Engl J Med 22 Sep 2010: Published Online-.

 

 

 

The Guide, 8th edition : final version now available

January 11th, 2011 by Mary Wood

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Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals:  Eighth Edition

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While the prepublication copy has been available to read online since June 2010 (previous blog post), the final version of the Guide is now available from the National Academies Press –

The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the National Academy of Sciences has published the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: Eighth Edition (Guide).  To browse online or purchase the Guide, see the National Academies Press site.   A PDF version of the Guide is available free for download on the OLAW website.

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OLAW (NIH) offers no additional guidance since the  June 4 Notice:

Until the 8th Edition of the Guide is published in its final form, the 1996 Edition will remain the official Guide for the purposes of implementation of the PHS Policy.   OLAW will issue guidance on implementation of the 8th Edition of the Guide after it is published.

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AAALAC Guide Transition:

Position Statements

During the Fall 2011 trimester, AAALAC International will begin to use three primary standards to evaluate animal care and use programs: the ILAR Guide, the FASS Ag Guide, and the ETS 123.  (This is a change from simply recognizing the ILAR Guide as the sole primary standard.)

Until that time, the 1996 version of the Guide will continue to be the main standard used by AAALAC to evaluate animal care and use programs.

New Year, New Books

January 10th, 2011 by Mary Wood

As new books are received and cataloged, the titles are added to the New Books Lists, one for the Carlson Health Sciences Library and another for the Blaisdell Medical Library.

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Check the lists to see what has been cataloged so far in 2011;
the most recently received are listed first.

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Please contact us if you have any questions.

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US Census Bureau releases 2011 Statistical Abstract of the United States

January 7th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/

The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.

Use the Abstract as a convenient volume for statistical reference, and as a guide to sources of more information both in print and on the Web.

Sources of data include the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and many other Federal agencies and private organizations.
The Abstract is your guide to sources of other data from the Census Bureau, other Federal agencies, and private organizations.