Department Blog

Health Sciences Libraries

Fields and Forests in Flames

September 30th, 2011 by Mary Wood

Citation: Weinhold B 2011. Fields and Forests in Flames: Vegetation Smoke and Human Health. Environ Health Perspect 119:a386-a393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.119-a386

From Sept. 2011 online article:

A small body of research on health effects related to wildfires, prescribed forest burns, peat bog fires, and agricultural field burning reveals variable impacts depending on the composition of the smoke.

The Las Conchas Fire burns in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico southwest of Los Alamos National Laboratory, June 2011.

Las Conchas Fire in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico, June 2011 (NASA image)

Who’s Affected by Wildfire Smoke?

The general health threat posed by smoke close to a fire has been widely recognized in the past decade by organizations such as the EPA,14 the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2 the California Department of Public Health,15 and the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units, a network of academically based children’s environmental health experts.16 But people some distance away also are exposed. For instance, on many days in June 2011 the smoke plume from Arizona and New Mexico’s Wallow Fire extended as far as 1,000 miles.17

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Related to previous blog Wildland fire: Air quality and health

PubMed Health

September 27th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

The following information on PubMed Health is from the “About PubMed Health” webpage.

PubMed Health (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/)  specializes in reviews of clinical effectiveness research, with easy-to-read summaries for consumers as well as full technical reports. Clinical effectiveness research finds answers to the question “What works?” in medical and health care.

PubMed Health is based on systematic reviews of clinical trials. These clinical effectiveness reviews can show what treatments and prevention methods have been proven to work—and what remains unknown.

PubMed Health provides summaries and full texts of selected systematic reviews in one place. The reviews were generally published or updated from 2003. There is also information for consumers and clinicians based on those reviews.

A search on PubMed Health runs simultaneously in PubMed. A filter is used to identify all the indexed scientific articles at the NLM that might be systematic reviews. This search includes articles from before 2003.

Information partners selected by PubMed Health to contribute their clinical effectiveness information are:

  • Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (US) (AHRQ)
  • The Cochrane Collaboration (CC)
  • German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG)
  • National Health Service (NHS) National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment Programme (NIHR HTA)
  • National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines program (NICE)
  • Oregon Health and Science University’s Drug Effectiveness Review Project (DERP)
  • Department of Veterans Affairs’ Evidence-based Synthesis Program from the Veterans Health Administration R&D (VA ESP)

England’s Behind the Headlines service is from the National Health Service (NHS Choices).

Further information about PubMed Health including searching suggestions is available from the NLM Technical Bulletin: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/so11/so11_pm_health.html

Clinical Advisory: Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial

September 20th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

Clinical Advisory: Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial: NINDS Stops Treatment with Combination Antiplatelet Therapy (Clopidogrel plus Aspirin) Due to Higher Risk of Major Hemorrhage and Death

The link to the NIH (NINDS) announcement of the suspension of the multi-center trial is:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/alerts/2011_ninds_stroke.html

DCXL – Data Curation Excel

September 15th, 2011 by Mary Wood

DCXL Webinar

UC3 Webinar Thu Sep 22 2pm – 3pm
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Speaker:  Carly Strasser, UC3

Abstract:
CDL has recently launched a new project dubbed Digital Curation for Excel (DCXL), funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and Microsoft Research. The goal of the DCXL project is to facilitate data management, sharing, and archiving for earth, environmental, and ecological scientists. The main result from the project will be an open source add-in for Microsoft Excel that will assist scientists in preparing their Excel data for sharing. Initial ideas include generating metadata, incorporating links to scientific data repositories and their requirements, and using controlled domain-specific vocabularies. The project is in its early stages, so the time is ripe for input from the UC libraries community, the digital archiving and preservation community, and the scientific community. This webinar will cover the project’s goals, timeline, and plan, and leave plenty of time for input and questions from webinar participants.

  • Title:Digital Curation for Excel (DCXL)
    Speaker: Carly Strasser (CDL)
    Slides | Webinar

The UC3 Summer Webinar Series is a forum for timely topics of interest to the UC community. We will highlight projects, services, and developments in areas of digital preservation, web archiving and data curation. We hope to raise awareness of these issues, and the resources and services available to the UC community. Our webinars will feature librarians, scientists, and technologists.

UC3 Webinar Archives

Reading September 11

September 15th, 2011 by Mary Wood

An H/SS blog post about a unique and fascinating library guide re-posted here.

Reading September 11, 2001: A chronological bibliography

An online guide created by Daniel Goldstein, Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences Librarian, Shields Library,UCDavis.

Introduction:

Immediately following the attacks on September 11, 2001, people around the world began to write books and make films reflecting their analyses, theories and reactions. They published in quantity and with great speed as they sought to comprehend a changed world. UCDavis librarians determined to acquire a selection of those books and films in order to document the range and depth of responses published in the United States and abroad. The UCDavis library catalog, Harvest, now contains records of thousands of books, videos and government documents related to the September 11 and all that has followed. Nearly 700 of them have been cataloged under a single subject heading—“September 11 2001 terrorist attacks.” This guide presents a chronological selection of the books and films (but not government documents) listed under this subject heading. Some of these titles were acquired within months of the attacks while others have arrived within the past few weeks. Year by year, these books and films show how initial responses evolved into recurring themes and how new issues emerged as time continues to pass. continues. . . .