Department Blog

Health Sciences Libraries

Article: Literature Review to Comply with IACUC

December 16th, 2011 by Mary Wood
J Vet Med Educ. 2011 Summer;38(2):150-6.

Literature search strategies to comply with institutional animal care and use committee review requirements.

Nesdill D, Adams KM.
J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah, SAlt Lake City, UT 84115-0860, USA.


Under the US Animal Welfare Act, principal investigators who propose to use animals in their research must demonstrate that they have considered alternatives to potentially painful or distressful procedures when submitting applications to Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs). IACUCs requires that applicants conduct a current literature search to determine if alternatives are available to substitute the proposed animal use and, if the proposed study involves pain or distress, that more humane procedures, as they are described in the literature, be considered. This paper suggests literature search strategies that can be considered for use in order to comply with this IACUC requirement.   PMID: 22023923

Simple and useful table excerpted from paper follows, edited to include links.
DATABASE          subject                         publisher
Agricola Agriculture, aquaculture, veterinary  medicine US National Agricultural Library
Biosis Biological sciences Thomson Reuters
CAB Agriculture, aquaculture, veterinary medicine CABI
Inspec Bioengineering Inst Engineering and Technology
Medline / PubMed Health, medicine, pharmacy US National Library of Medicine
Zoological Record Zoology Thomson Reuters


organization description
Altbib US National Library Medicine Resources for alternatives to toxicity testing
Altweb Johns Hopkins University Guide to conducting a literature search for the 3Rs
Animal Welfare Information Center USDA National Agricultural Library Resources about alternatives and humane animal care in research, teaching, testing, and exhibition
Blood Sampling Microsite NC3Rs Information on different blood sampling techniques for many common lab animal species
EURCA European Resources Centre for Alternatives in Higher Education Database searchable by category, supplier, or type; review of alternatives by others who have used them
Go3R Transinsight & BfR A beta site for specialized searches into the 3Rs
ICCVAM NTP NICEATM Summaries of alternative test method evaluation projects
NORINA Norecopa Database indexing alternatives and supplements to the use of animals in teaching and training

New Resource: Social Explorer

December 9th, 2011 by Bruce Abbott

The library has licensed a new resource which provides provides quick and easy access to current and historical census data and demographic information.

Link to Social Explorer :

From the description:

The easy-to-use web interface lets users create maps and reports to better illustrate, analyze and understand demography and social change. In addition to being a comprehensive data resource, Social Explorer also offers features and tools to meet the needs of both demography experts and novices. From research libraries to classrooms to the front page of the New York Times, Social Explorer is helping people engage with society and science.

Key content
  • Provides easy access to current and historical demographic data:
    • Including over 40 billion data elements, 200,000 variables and more than 18,000 interactive maps from 1790 to 2010.
    • The entire US Census from 1790 to 2000, plus the first 2010 census data release.
    • All annual updates from the American Community Survey.
    • InfoGroup data on religious congregations for the United States for 2009, including maps for counties, and special census areas, as well as point maps of the actual congregation locations (to be updated yearly).
    • The Religious Congregations and Membership Study (RCMS) from 1980 to 2000. (To be updated in 2012.)
    • Carbon Emissions Data for 2002 from the Vulcan Project.
  • Creates thematic and interactive maps that make it easy to visually explore all historical and modern US census data across the centuries and even down to street level detail where available.
  • Creates reports at all geographic levels including the state, county, census tract, block group, zip code and census place (where the data exist).

NIH Announces Adoption of the New Guide

December 7th, 2011 by Mary Wood

and OLAW Updates/Issues 29 New FAQs


NIH Guide Notices
Notice Number: NOT-OD-12-020
Adoption and Implementation of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 8th edition

Adoption of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 8th edition
Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare site includes Position Statements, Background, and Federal Register Notices


updated FAQs
related to Applicability of PHS Policy, IACUC Composition, Functions and Authority, Protocol Review, Program Review and Inspection of Facilities, Animal Use and Management, and Institutional Responsibilities.



Announcement in the Federal Register
“Effective January 1, 2012, institutions that receive Public Health Service (PHS) support for animal activities must base their animal care and use programs on the 8th Edition of the Guide and must complete at least one semi-annual program review and facilities inspection using the 8th Edition of the Guide as the basis for evaluation by December 31, 2012. “