Health Sciences Libraries

Posts by Mary Wood

New MOU Among NIH, USDA, and FDA

June 7th, 2016 by Mary Wood

Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare – MOU Among USDA/FDA/NIH

NIH, USDA, and FDA have participated under a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) Concerning Laboratory Animal Welfare for over 30 years. Each agency, operating under its own authority, has specific responsibilities for fostering proper animal care and welfare. This agreement sets forth a framework for reciprocal cooperation intended to enhance agency effectiveness while avoiding duplication of efforts in achieving required standards for the care and use of laboratory animals.

The new MOU is available at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/finalmou.htm.

This follows the earlier, similar MOU between NIH and NSF
(blog post)

New NIH-EPA research centers to study environmental health disparities

June 7th, 2016 by Mary Wood

Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research

The National Institutes of Health has partnered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to fund five new research centers to improve health in communities overburdened by pollution and other environmental factors that contribute to health disparities. Within each center, scientists will partner with community organizations to study these concerns and develop culturally appropriate ways to reduce exposure to harmful environmental conditions.

The centers will examine a range of stressors on health, including air, water, and ground pollution as well as environmental conditions such as sub-standard housing, poor diet, and adverse social dynamics.

us_map

.

The new centers

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Boston University School of Public Health, will study how housing conditions may affect birth weight, childhood growth trajectories, and risk of death from cardiovascular disease, and whether improved urban housing may benefit health.

Johns Hopkins University, will compare urban and rural effects of poverty on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and the impact of improved dietary intake on preventing or mitigating disease progression.

University of Arizona, will work with indigenous populations to examine chemical contamination of traditional foods, water, air, and household environments, and increase environmental health literacy.

University of New Mexico, will examine how contact with metal mixtures from abandoned mines affects rural Native American populations through exposures related to inadequate drinking water infrastructure, reliance on local foods, and other uses of local resources to maintain their traditional lifestyle and culture.

University of Southern California, will study how environmental factors may contribute to childhood obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy in Hispanic and Latino communities.

Workshop: Increasing openness & reproducibility in quantitative research

March 24th, 2016 by Mary Wood

4 May 2016 Workshop hosted by the Center for Open Science

Increasing openness & reproducibility inquantitative research

There are many actions researchers can take to increase the openness and reproducibility of their work.
Please join us for a workshop, hosted by the Center for Open Science, to learn easy, practical steps
researchers can take to increase the reproducibility of their work. The workshop will be hands-on.

Topics covered include Project documentation | Version control | PreAnalysis plans | Open source tools like the Center for Open Science’s Open Science Frameworkindex

Attendees will need to bring their own laptop in order to fully participate.

Date: Wednesday, May 4th, 2016
Time: Two Sessions 9am – 12pm OR 1pm – 4pm
Location: Shields Library, DSI Classroom, room 360
Pizza lunch will be provided at noon for attendees from both sessions.

REGISTER

Authorship and the Promises of Digital Dissemination: Panel

February 29th, 2016 by Mary Wood

Authors Alliance event, with Pam Samuelson

AUTHORSHIP AND THE PROMISES OF DIGITAL DISSEMINATION
March 9, 4:00- 5:45 pm
UC Davis School of Law, King Hall, Rm 2100A

A cross-disciplinary panel discussion on authorship in the digital age, with a focus on the specific goals and needs of academic authors. Authors who write to be read care about how their works are published and what that means for reader access. While traditional options and copyright arrangements still predominate in many fields, there are ever-increasing ways to share works of authorship. What works best to get textual and visual works out there and under what circumstances? Join us for this panel discussion with Authors Alliance, where we will explore the opportunities and challenges authors face in maximizing the reach of their work, both in and outside of academia.

Participants:UC-Davis-banner-25

Pam Samuelson (Authors Alliance)
Mario Biagioli (Law, STS)
Stephanie Boluk (English)
Jonathan Eisen (Biology)
Alexandra Lippman (STS)
Rick Prelinger (UCSC and director of the Prelinger Archive)
Kim Stanley Robinson (Mars Trilogy)
MacKenzie Smith (Library)
Madhavi Sunder (Law)

Vitamin D Status and Rates of Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

September 14th, 2015 by Mary Wood

Animal welfare MOU between NIH and NSF

August 12th, 2015 by Mary Wood

Notice of Memorandum of Understanding Between NIH and NSF Concerning Laboratory Animal Welfare
Notice Number: NOT-OD-15-139

Memorandum of Understanding
NIH and NSF operate under a MOU to ensure consistent and effective oversight of the welfare of animals used in activities funded by the NSF. The agreement provides a framework to enhance communication and harmonize the agencies’ efforts while reducing regulatory burden to supported institutions. nsf_logoEffective October 1, 2015, institutions receiving NSF support must:

include NSF-supported activities with live vertebrate animals as covered activities in their OLAW Animal Welfare Assurance;
promptly report situations involving NSF-supported animal activities to OLAW as required by the Public Health Service (PHS) Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, Section IV.F.3.
.banner-nihlogoOLAW will:

negotiate new Assurances for institutions with pending NSF awards;
review and evaluate noncompliance reports and the actions taken involving NSF-supported activities; and
report findings to NSF.

.

Background
OLAW is responsible for administration and implementation of the PHS Policy. The Policy requires institutions to establish and maintain proper measures to ensure the appropriate care and use of all animals involved in research, research training, and biological testing activities. Institutions receiving PHS funding through grants, contracts or cooperative agreements for research involving vertebrate animals are required to comply with the PHS Policy.

NSF holds its awardees responsible for the humane care and treatment of any vertebrate animal used or intended for use in such activities as field or laboratory research, development, training, experiments, biological testing or for related purposes supported by NSF grants, contracts or cooperative agreements. Any NSF awardee performing research on vertebrate animals must comply with the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) [7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.], the AWA regulations [9 CFR 1.1-4.11], the PHS Policy, and the U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training. The awardee must follow the guidelines described in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals.

Worldview 100

July 27th, 2015 by Mary Wood

The Worldview 100

Scientific American’s Worldview 100 ranks two UC Davis faculty among the top 100 visionaries in biotechnology.
“The visionaries who continue to reshape biotechnology—and the world”

At just 40 years old, biotechnology is a relatively new industry. Its starting point, arguably, was the 1975 Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, at which the potential benefits and hazards of DNA manipulation and the ways it should be regulated were debated and essentially decided upon…Here, we name 100 of the industry’s leading lights in a list we’ve dubbed “The Worldview 100.” The honorees include researchers who provided fundamental insights into biological processes, as well as their colleagues who developed those insights to create the biology-based goods and services that are the essence of biotechnology…

.651EDCD1-E8D1-40EE-BE87C37B4DF74780_medium

ROGER BEACHY
Director  |  World Food Center  |  University of California, Davis |  Davis, California, U.S.
This plant biologist visionary and founding president of the Danforth Center knows how to keep things in perspective. “After a series of laboratory successes that followed the discovery of disease-resistant technologies, I self-assuredly referenced ‘being on a roll,’” he told Worldview. “Soon thereafter I took a fall and a long roll down a run at the Purgatory ski resort at a Keystone Conference. To my chagrin and embarrassment, a friend, Jonathan Jones, from the John Innes Center, UK, shouted, ‘Are you still on a roll, Beachy?’—not just one time, but repeatedly in following years.”

.

PAM RONALD
Director |  Laboratory for Crop Genetics Innovation & Scientific Literacy  |  University of California, Davis |  Davis, California, U.S.
When Worldview asked Ronald to tell us her greatest contribution to biotechnology, she pointed out her work with rice, in particular, “isolation of the Xa21 resistance gene and the Sub1 submergence tolerance gene in collaboration with my colleagues.” Her pick for the most exciting application of biotech in the past year: the HIV and Ebola vaccines.

 

Colleagues from UCSF and UCB

Atul Butte
Director  |  Institute of Computational Health Sciences  |  University of California, San Francisco  |  San Francisco, California, U.S.
Discussing the new institute, Butte notes, “We hope that we will be successful in making discoveries and developing diagnostics and therapeutics. If we want to change the world of medicine, we have to bring those discoveries into the marketplace and closer to patients.”
.

Jennifer Doudna
Li Ka Shing Chancellor’s Professor in Biomedical & Health Sciences  |  University of California  |  Berkeley, California, U.S.
One of the leading researchers who created the CRISPR-Cas9 technology for genome engineering, Doudna believes that we must “increase connections and communications between academic labs and companies” to help biotechnology move ahead even faster.

Find Biomedical Images

July 1st, 2015 by Mary Wood

Lane Medical Library’s Bio-Image Search

  • Enables discovery of biomedical images you can use i.e., images with Public Domain & Creative Commons licenses
  • Aggregates biomedical images from many image sources
  • Displays results in four groups, from broadest reuse rights to most limited reuse rights
bioimage

Lane Medical Library – search for biomedical images

Online Veterinary Anatomy Museum OVAM

June 19th, 2015 by Mary Wood

Online Veterinary Anatomy Museum

The Online Veterinary Anatomy Museum (OVAM) is a compendium of photos, drawings, radiographs and micrographs of animals commonly encountered by veterinary students. The virtual museum is composed of digital materials from more than 15 institutions including veterinary schools in the UK, the rest of Europe, India and Australasia.

The initial project, which developed out of WikiVet, was funded by JISC, a UK registered charity that supports use of digital technologies for education and research.
doc4

NIH Notices to enhance reproducibility

June 12th, 2015 by Mary Wood

NIH issues NOTICES on proposed changes in grant application and peer review process

.

NOT-OD-15-103 proposes changes in four areas deemed critical for enhancing rigor and transparency in NIH-funded research which are addressed in the proposed changes:

The scientific premise of the proposed research
Rigorous experimental design for robust and unbiased results
Consideration of sex and other relevant biological variables
Authentication of key biological and/or chemical resources

NOT-OD-15-102 provides further details on the expectation that investigators factor sex as a biological variable into the research design, analysis, and reporting components of grant applications involving vertebrate animal or human studies.

.

The updates are currently pending approval by the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB). NIH expects to incorporate changes into funding opportunity announcements and the Standard Form 424 (Research and Related) Grant Application Guide in Fall 2015. The revisions will apply to grant applications submitted in January 2016 and beyond. Additionally, peer reviewer training starting in Spring 2016 will include the four highlighted areas of reproducibility.

June 9 blog post by Sally Rockey, NIH Deputy Director for Extramural Research, and Larry Tabak, Principal Deputy Director of NIH

NIH has created a site describing ongoing efforts in rigor and reproducibility.

from AAMC June 12 Washington Highlights