Department Blog

Health Sciences Libraries

New talks: Animal models in biomedical research

February 23rd, 2015 by Mary Wood

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…..Henry Stewart Talks

…..Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection

Animal Models in Biomedical Research
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Basic principles of animal models

  1. The moral status of invasive animal research
    Prof. Bernard E. Rollin  –  Colorado State University, USA
  1. Legal aspects of using animals for research in the U.S.
    Dr. B. Taylor Bennet  –  Management Consultant, USA
  1. Modern production of laboratory animals
    Dr. Martin Toft  –  Adlast, DK

Modern techniques for the creation of animal models

  1. Creating animal models by genetic techniques
    Mr. Emmanuel Gomas  –  Transgenic Technologies Training and Consulting, 3TC, FR
  1. Surgical models and perioperative care in swine
    Prof. M. Michael Swindle  –  Medical University of South Carolina, USA
    Prof. Mary Ann McCrackin  –  Medical University of South Carolina, USA
  1. Improving and humanizing animal models by microbiomic techniques)
    Prof. Axel Kornerup Hansen  –  University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Specific animal models

  1. Behavioral phenotyping of mouse models of neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders
    Prof. Jacqueline N. Crawley  –  UC Davis MIND Institute, Robert E. Chason Endowed Chair in Translational Research, Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, UC Davis School of Medicine
  1. Development of immunotherapies for type 1 diabetes. Value and limitations of mouse models.
    Prof. Matthias von Herrath  –  Novo Nordisk Ltd, USA

ILAR Roundtable

March 21st, 2014 by Mary Wood

National Academies Launches New Roundtable on Laboratory Animal Science and Welfare

ilarcollage-newphotos-new2Bridging Communities, Fostering Communications

The National Academies’ Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) has launched the ILAR Roundtable to stimulate dialogue and provide new pathways to promote the responsible use of animals in science.  The ILAR Roundtable provides a forum for researchers and animal care givers from government, industry, and academia to discuss animal welfare in research, and an opportunity to discuss topics ranging from laboratory animal care to experimental design to regulatory issues.

Roundtable Members include faculty members from UC Davis:  Dr. Kent Lloyd and Dr. John Wingfield

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Roundtable Workshops

The Roundtable is a balanced and civil forum to stimulate dialogue and collaboration, to help build trust and transparency among stakeholders, and to provide a new medium to promote the responsible use of animals in science.

Workshop #1:  Reproducibility Issues in Research with Animals and Animal Models: A Workshop, June 4-5, 2014
The National Research Council has appointed a committee of experts to organize and conduct a public workshop to discuss fundamental aspects of experimental design of research using animals and animal models, aimed at improving reproducibility.

Workshop #2: Transportation of Laboratory Animals,  September 3-4, 2014
Speakers and agenda to be announced

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ILAR publications focus on laboratory animals, including :

Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals, 8th edition

Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders: Workshop Summary

International Animal Research Regulations: Impact on Neuroscience Research: Workshop Summary

Recognition and Alleviation of Pain in Laboratory Animals

Recognition and Alleviation of Distress in Laboratory Animals

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals

Social Housing for Lab Animals – symposium presentations

March 7th, 2014 by Mary Wood

Selected presentations from the Symposium on Social Housing of Laboratory Animals are available, hosted by AWIC, Animal Welfare Information Center, a service of the National Agricultural LibraryThe symposium was co-hosted by NIH, USDA, OLAW, The Enrichment Record, and the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) on August 22-23, 2013 and held at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Natcher Center in Bethesda, Maryland.

social

Presentations include:

Socialization: Behavioral Intervention and Temperament Testing
Kristine Coleman, Oregon Health & Science University

Socialization of Nonhuman Primate Groups
Steven Schapiro, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Federal Oversight and Peer-Review Perspectives on Social Housing: Representatives from AAALAC, USDA, and OLAW
Carol Clarke, USDA, APHIS; Brent Morse, NIH, OLAW; and Kathryn Bayne, AAALAC

Pigs: Social Housing
Candace Croney, Purdue University

Rabbits: Social Housing
Karen Froberg, Bio-Serv

A Historical Perspective on Social Housing
Kathryn Bayne, AAALAC

IAHAIO at AVMA

June 19th, 2013 by Mary Wood

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2013 AVMA Annual Convention Chicago Illinois

2013 International Conference International Association of  Human-Animal Interaction Organizations

The IAHAIO Conference, July 20-23, will coincide with the AVMA Convention, July 19-23, 2013 in Chicago.

The Chicago convention will celebrate AVMA’s 150th Anniversary, incorporating a variety of resources to celebrate AVMA’s role and highlight the impact on the veterinary profession while honoring 150 years of dedication and achievement.

The International Association of Human Animal Interaction Organizations (IAHAIO) conference, this year held in conjunction with the AVMA, has the theme of “Humans and Animals: the inevitable bond“.

Registration for IAHAIO attendees is being administered through the AVMA. Visit this site to purchase tickets to IAHAIO events.

AVMA 2013 Bannerc

2013 AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals

February 27th, 2013 by Mary Wood

AVMA@Work announced yesterday the publication of the 2013 edition of the 

AVMA GUIDELINES FOR THE EUTHANASIA OF ANIMALS

The 2013 edition of the AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals has been published and it, together with an Executive Summary, can be accessed on the AVMA website.   An e-reader-friendly version will be available within a matter of days, and a print-on-demand book is also in the works for release at a later date.

Originally published in 1963, celebrating its 50th anniversary, and updated at least once every ten years, the document is intended for use by members of the veterinary profession who carry out or oversee the euthanasia of animals.   More than three years of intense work and deliberation by more than 60 individuals—including veterinarians, animal scientists, animal behaviorists, physiologists, psychologists and an animal ethicist—resulted in the commentary and recommendations contained in the 2013 edition.

The overriding commitment of these Guidelines is to provide veterinarians guidance in relieving pain and suffering of animals that are to be euthanized.

contributing from UCD SVMJoanne Paul-Murphy, DVM, DACZM, DACAW (Avian)

List of all AVMA Policies

AnimalSmart.org

February 20th, 2013 by Mary Wood

The latest issue of Lab Animal (42(3) 2013) reviews the educational website of the American Society of Animal Science (ASAS)

Engaging the public on animal science notes:

“… despite the simple, easily readable format, this site is truly for the general public… although the emphasis of the site is on livestock, it includes companion animals, fish and animal species used in research… one highlighted subheading is ‘Animal welfare,’ leading to a page called ‘Animal welfare defined.’ This page focuses mainly on farm animals but introduces the AWA, the concept of an IACUC and enrichment….

…includes information on diagnosing animal diseases, zoonoses and even ‘Animal enrichment in zoos.’… gives examples of different careers in animal science, including nutritionist (along with an interview with a zoo nutritionist), physiologist, reproductive physiologist, animal behaviorist, geneticist, and animal products scientist….

… more complex information about animal science, ASAS’s Taking Stock website…”

Japanese scientist undertaking an intense study of the Immortal Jellyfish

December 10th, 2012 by Ferguson Mitchell

The Immortal Jellyfish

An article in Sunday’s New York Times Magazine reported on the “Immortal Jellyfish,” aka Turritopsis dohrnii or the “Benjamin Button jellyfish.” The article highlighted a Japanese scientist who studies the obscure species that can transform itself back to a polyp.

Can a Jellyfish Unlock the Secret of Immortality?

“…there is just one scientist who has been culturing Turritopsis polyps in his lab consistently. He works alone, without major financing or a staff, in a cramped office in Shirahama, a sleepy beach town in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, four hours south of Kyoto. The scientist’s name is Shin Kubota, and he is, for the time being, our best chance for understanding this unique strand of biological immortality.

‘Turritopsis application for human beings is the most wonderful dream of mankind,’ he told me the first time I called him. ‘Once we determine how the jellyfish rejuvenates itself, we should achieve very great things. My opinion is that we will evolve and become immortal ourselves.'”

Read the full article over at the New York Times website.

Image courtesy Justin Gaurav Murgai via Flickr.

Exotic pets: health and safety issues for children and parents

October 31st, 2012 by Ferguson Mitchell

J Pediatr Health Care. 2012 Mar;26(2):e2-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2011.11.009. Epub 2011 Dec 28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2011.11.009

Millions of households own exotic pets and this trend is increasing. This article discusses zoonoses associated with exotic animals, injuries and exotic pets, other health problems associated with exotic pets and high-quality information and resources on the web.

Images courtesy the William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital Small Animal Clinic.

Pet Therapy

March 5th, 2012 by Mary Wood

Morning Edition NPR
5 March 2012
by Julie Rovner

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PET THERAPY : HOW ANIMALS AND HUMANS HEAL EACH OTHER

Dogs, cats birds, fish and even horses are increasingly being used in settings ranging from hospitals and nursing homes to schools, jails and mental institutions. A growing body of scientific research suggests interacting with animals can make us healthier — and benefits them, too.

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UC Davis – related information:

School of Veterinary Medicine

PHR 406 – Human-Animal Interactions in Veterinary Science
Human relationships with companion animals, and, secondarily, on food, laboratory, and wild animals from the perspectives of veterinarians and their clients’ needs.
Dr. Lynette A. Hart

CCAH Animals in Society

Companion Animal Behavior Program
Dr. Melissa J. Bain

Animal Science

ANS 42 – Introductory Companion Animal Biology
Companion animal domestication. Historical, contemporary perspectives. Legislation concerning companion animals. Selected topics in anatomy, physiology, genetics, nutrition, behavior and management. Scientific methods in studying the human-animal bond. Discussions: application of biological concepts to problems related to companion animals.
Dr. Anita M. Oberbauer

ANS 104 – Principles and applications of Domestic Animal Behavior
Application of principles of animal behavior in the management of domesticated species. External and physiological mechanisms influencing behavior will be discussed. Topics include reproductive feeding and social behavior as well as animal handling and human-animal interactions.
Dr. Cassandra B. Tucker

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Mentioned in article:

Dr. Aubrey Fine, author, clinical psychologist and professor at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Handbook on animal-assisted therapy : theoretical foundations and guidelines for practice /
Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier/Academic Press, c2006.
Carlson Health Sci Library WM 460.5.B7 H236 2006 Regular Loan

Handbook on animal-assisted therapy : theoretical foundations and guidelines for practice /
San Diego : Academic Press, c2000.
Carlson Health Sci Library WM460.5 B7 H236 2000 Regular Loan

Contributing authors include:
LA Hart, Psychosocial benefits of animal companonship
LA Hart, Understanding animal behavior, species, and temperament as applied to interactions with specific populations

Children’s Inn at NIH

The Children’s Inn at the National Institutes of Health is a residential “place like home” for sick children and their families. Children come from across the country and around the world to stay together with their families in The Inn’s healing environment while receiving groundbreaking medical treatments at the NIH, the world’s leading biomedical research center. While the NIH takes care of the child’s medical needs, The Inn tends to the child’s heart, soul and spirit.

Human-Animal Interaction (HAI) Research
NIH National Institute of Child Health & Human Development

HAI Research is defined as studies of the association between pet ownership/caregiving and physical and mental health, as well as the use of animals in both physical and psychological therapeutic treatments…
The National Institutes of Health recently created the HAI research program to study human-animal interaction. The program, operated through the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, offers scientists research grants to study the impact of animals on child development; in physical and psychological therapeutic treatments, and on the effects of animals on public health, including their ability to reduce or prevent disease…

Sheep and Goat Diseases – Vet Clinics

May 10th, 2011 by Mary Wood

Therapeutics and Control of Sheep and Goat Diseases

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..Veterinary Clinics of North America.  Food Animal Practice

..v.27, March 2011 ,  available online

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..Table of Contents from PubMed

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….including:

Plant JW, Lewis CJ. Treatment and control of ectoparasites in sheep.  PMID: 21215904

Winter AC. Treatment and control of hoof disorders in sheep and goats.  PMID: 21215902

Scott PR. Treatment and control of respiratory disease in sheep.  PMID: 21215901

Juste RA, Perez V. Control of paratuberculosis in sheep and goats.  PMID: 21215897

Lewis CJ. Control of important clostridial diseases of sheep.  PMID: 21215896

Menzies PI. Control of important causes of infectious abortion in sheep and goats.  PMID: 21215892

Galatos AD. Anesthesia and analgesia in sheep and goats.  PMID: 21215889

Ermilio EM, Smith MC. Treatment of emergency conditions in sheep and goats.  PMID:21215888

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CHSL InterLibrary Loan is busy with requests for this  particular title.
(Thank you, Kathy, for the heads up – and for your consistent and amazingly speedy turn-around!)
Online access is available, though it can sometimes seem problematic.
If PubMed isn’t providing immediate online access to the full-text, go by way of the journal link in Harvest or by MDConsult.