Public access to the products of US Government funded research has seen some significant developments this year. Here are links to policy developments and the two proposed legislative approaches.
1. White House OSTP Memorandum (February 22, 2013):
White House Office of Science & Technology Blog (February 22, 2013):
Expanding Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research
The White House OSTP Memorandum directs “Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.”
Implementation approaches under consideration:
2. Fair Access to Science and Technology Research (FASTR) Act (February 14, 2013)
FASTR has been endorsed by SPARC and many open access and academic groups.
“FASTR would require Federal agencies whose extramural research budgets exceed $100 million to develop policies ensuring open, public access to the research supported by their grants or conducted by their employees.” Specific requirements include (SPARC):
- Immediate deposit of articles to federally owned or approved repositories in formats and under terms that enable their productive reuse, including computational analysis by state-of-the-art technologies;
- A maximum embargo period of six months; and
3. Public Access to Public Science (PAPS) Act (September 19, 2013)
Press release from Congressman Jim Sensenbrenner (September 19, 2013):
PAPS would ensure public access to published materials funded by the following federal science agencies:
- National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
- National Science Foundation (NSF)
- National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
- National Weather Service (NWS).
For more information, including a comparison of the two Acts: