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Scholarly Communication

NIH issues finalized policy on genomic data sharing

September 7th, 2014 by Amy Studer

Image of Genomic Data Sharing Policy logo

On August 26, 2014, the National Institutes of Health has issued a final NIH Genomic Data Sharing (GDS) policy “to promote data sharing as a way to speed the translation of data into knowledge, products and procedures that improve health while protecting the privacy of research participants.”(NIH, August 27, 2014)

According to a post in The Chronicle of Higher Education, “The data-sharing policy, which will take effect with grants awarded in January, will give agency-financed researchers six months to load any genomic data they collect—from human or nonhuman subjects—into a government-established database or a recognized alternative.” (Basken, August 28, 2014)

References and Additional Information:

Basken, P. (August 28, 2014). NIH Tells Genomic Researchers: ‘You Must Share Data.’ The Chronicle of Higher Education. Accessed September 7, 2014, from http://chronicle.com/article/NIH-Tells-Genomic-Researchers-/148509/

National Institutes of Health Genomic Data Sharing Governance Committee. (2014). Data use under the NIH GWAS Data Sharing Policy and future directions. Nature Genetics, 46(9), 934-938. doi: 10.1038/ng.3062. Retrieved September 7, 2014, from http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v46/n9/full/ng.3062.html

U.S. National Institutes of Health. (2014). Genomic data sharing. Accessed September 7, 2014, from http://gds.nih.gov/index.html

U.S. National Institutes of Health. (August 27, 2014). NIH Genomic Data Sharing Policy (NOT-OD-14-124). Accessed September 7, 2014, from http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-14-124.html

U.S. National Institutes of Health. (August 27, 2014). NIH issues finalized policy on genomic data sharing. NIH News & Events Blog. Accessed September 7, 2014, from http://www.nih.gov/news/health/aug2014/od-27.htm

 

U.S. Department of Energy Launches PAGES

August 5th, 2014 by Amy Studer

 

Image credit:  Sergey Sus.  License:  CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.  From Flickr:  https://flic.kr/p/96iTMv

Image credit: Sergey Sus. License: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
https://flic.kr/p/96iTMv

 

On August 4, 2014, the US Department of Energy (DOE) unveiled its plan to increase access to the research that it funds, as required by the White House OSTP directive of February 22, 2013.

Now available is a beta version of the Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES).  The DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information website provides links to the full plan, FAQs, as well as this short summary:

” In response to the OSTP directive, OSTI has developed and launched the DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy and ScienceBeta – DOE PAGESBeta.  When fully operational, this new resource will offer free access to the best available full-text version of DOE-affiliated scholarly publications – either the peer-reviewed, accepted manuscript or the published article – after an administrative interval of 12 months. ”

According to Nature News Blog (August 4, 2014), the PAGES approach will make up to 30,000 papers per year “free to read”, but open access advocates are concerned that the approach may not provide for bulk downloading, re-distribution or creative re-use, such as text-mining.

More description of the PAGES approach from the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information website:

” The portal that OSTI has prepared employs a hybrid model of centralized metadata and primarily decentralized full-text access to accepted manuscripts or articles hosted by DOE-funded national laboratories, universities, and other institutions or by individual publishers.  In this way, the gateway builds on DOE’s existing scientific and technical information infrastructure and also integrates publishers’ public access efforts.  For publisher-hosted content, OSTI has been collaborating with the publisher consortium CHORUS, or the Clearinghouse for the Open Research of the United States.  OSTI is also engaging with other stakeholders’ initiatives to advance public access, such as the university and research library community’s Shared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE). ”

For more information:

ScienceInsider Blog

The Chronicle of Higher Education

Shared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE)

Clearinghouse for the Open Research of the United States (CHORUS)

 

US Government Open Access Legislation and Policy: OSTP, FASTR, PAPS

October 25th, 2013 by Amy Studer

OAWeek 2013_plain_poster2

Public access to the products of US Government funded research has seen some significant developments this year.   Here are links to policy developments and the two proposed legislative approaches.

1.  White House OSTP Memorandum (February 22, 2013):

White House Office of Science & Technology Blog (February 22, 2013):
Expanding Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research

The White House OSTP Memorandum directs “Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.”

Implementation approaches under consideration:

2.  Fair Access to Science and Technology Research (FASTR) Act (February 14, 2013)

FASTR has been endorsed by SPARC and many open access and academic groups.

FASTR would require Federal agencies whose extramural research budgets exceed $100 million to develop policies ensuring open, public access to the research supported by their grants or conducted by their employees.”  Specific requirements include (SPARC):

  • Immediate deposit of articles to federally owned or approved repositories in formats and under terms that enable their productive reuse, including computational analysis by state-of-the-art technologies;
  • A maximum embargo period of six months; and
  • An explicit statement of the terms of use applicable to articles to ensure that their full productive reuse is enabled.

3.  Public Access to Public Science (PAPS) Act  (September 19, 2013)

Press release from Congressman Jim Sensenbrenner (September 19, 2013):

PAPS would ensure public access to published materials funded by the following federal science agencies:

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • National Weather Service (NWS).

For more information, including a comparison of the two Acts:

UC Open Access Policy: Implementation Plan

September 20th, 2013 by Amy Studer

On July 24, 2013, the Academic Senate of the University of California passed an Open Access Policy, ensuring that future research articles authored by faculty at all 10 campuses of UC will be made available to the public at no charge.

The Open Access Policy Implementation (OAPI) project is a partnership between the California Digital Library and UC campuses to build tools and services that will support faculty participation in the UC Open Access Policy, including:

  1. An enhanced and streamlined workflow for depositing articles into UC’s eScholarship open access repository
  2. Automated publication harvesting and notification system for UC authors, to reduce the need for manual deposit
  3. Support for the generation of embargo, waiver, and addendum forms, at the author’s request

The OAPI project wiki is an open, shared space where UC faculty, librarians, and other stakeholders can engage directly with the Open Access Policy Implementation (OAPI) team and track progress as tools and services are developed to support participation in the UC Open Access policy.   The wiki provides an overview and explores specific components of the project.

Stakeholders are invited to join the OAPI mailing list and discussion forum.

Get involved:  Through Wednesday, September 25th, feedback is requested about the UC Open Access Policy article deposit workflow.

For questions about the UC Open Access Policy and what it means for Faculty and other stakeholders at UC Davis, please email:  OAsupport@lib.ucdavis.edu

oapi_schematic

UC Supports AB 609

April 16th, 2013 by Mary Wood

UCOP letter in support of AB 609

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California Taxpayer Access to
Publicly Funded Research Act

. AB 609 (Nestande)

. UCOP

. External Relations

. State Governmental Relations

. Legislation

. AB 609

.background from Nestande’s office

2013 | AB 609 | Legislation

California Taxpayer Open Access to Research Act

Updates:

On May 1, 2013, the Accountability and Administrative Committee in the State Assembly voted in support of AB609. Six graduate students from UC Davis gave testimony.  Next, the bill heads for the Appropriations Committee.

Related documents:

On May 24, 2013,  a group of nine organizations released a letter in support of AB609.  Organizations included:  SPARC, ACRL, ARL, COAPI, Creative Commons, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Greater Western Library Alliance, Public Knowledge,  and PLoS.

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